Actions against antimicrobial resistance
On October 15, 2019, the Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) One-Health Network, chaired by the European Commission met in Brussels. The group meets bi-annually to present national action plans and activities, share best practices, discuss policy options and enhance coordination of all 28 EU countries, as well as Commission experts and EU agencies. (Presentation: The outcome of the questionnaire circulated by the Finnish Presidency on the EU One Health Action Plan on AMR and national action plans)
The EU Strategic Approach to fight AMR follows A European One Health Action Plan against AMR. This year’s Final overview report Measures to Tackle Antimicrobial Resistance through the Prudent Use of Antimicrobials in Animals shows encouraging positive trends in reducing the usage of antibiotics across the EU Countries after following the EU Commission’s Guidelines for the prudent use of antimicrobials in veterinary medicine.
We can expect even more improvements in the future after the implementation of the new EU Regulations on veterinary medicinal products and medicated feed, which were published in January 2019 and will apply in January 2022. These Regulations establish a wide range of concrete measures to fight AMR and to promote the prudent and responsible use of antimicrobials, including a prescription database across Europe to provide greater insights into the prescribing behavior of veterinarians. This will enable knowledge-sharing and bench-marking, as well as targeting actions at high users of antimicrobials. Furthermore, they give more insight and control over the usage of critically important antimicrobials (CIAs) such as fluoroquinolones, and 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporins.
Antimicrobial resistance is a global threat and it gathers the network of many organizations involved in human and animal health following the One Health approach.
- WHO – World Health Organization with a Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance and a document on Critically Important Antibiotics for Human Medicine;
- OIE – World Organization for Animal Health
- ECDC – European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control who published a scientific report The European Union summary report on antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food in 2017 at the beginning of this year.
- EMA – European Medicines Agency with a recent European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) report which showed a decrease by more than 32% of the overall sales of veterinary antimicrobials between 2011 and 2017, for the 25 countries across Europe.
- WVO World Veterinary Organization published a List of Global Repository of Available Guidelines for Responsible use of antimicrobials in animal health.
- FVE – Federation of Veterinarians of Europe with FVE Medicines Working group with experts from different EU countries including FECAVA representative Danny Holmes.
- EPRUMA – European Platform for the Responsible Using of Medicines in Animals
- and many more.
FECAVA is also strongly committed to the fight against antimicrobial resistance. Join us in raising awareness on antibiotic resistance in companion animals on Facebook and Twitter for the 12th European Antibiotic Awareness Day, 18 November 2019 and World Antibiotic Awareness Week, 18-22 November 2019.
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